Monday, December 30, 2019
English 12: Short story personal response for The Locket, by Kate Chopin In the lives of many people, certain items have held great importance in those lives due to their association with elements that has an significant, if not symbolic effect on their lives, such as association with past memories, events, or people. The locket presented in The Locket by Kate Chopin is one that binds the themes of love, loss, the chaos of war together throughout the entire story. I believe that the locket is symbolic the motif of love in part I, and loss in part II of the story separately, this is due to shift in focus of the characters from Edmond to Octavie in the story, and the relative situation and circumstance presented in each section. I believeÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Thus the locket act as a bond for Edmond and Octavie to the world of the living, as Edmond tries his best to survive, and Octavie remains hopeful, and as both are pained by the separation of the parting as expressed in the flash back, and this separation is not just the physical separation, b ut also of the emotional as Edmond has gone off to war, a terrible deluge that has split families and consumed many lives. At the end of part I, in the ensuing chaotic battle and retreat, the locket is found to be on the body of a dead boy. It is here that I believe the theme of war plays on the motif of loss, as it is inferred that this boy, whomever he was, even though it is hinted to be Edmond due to the presence of the locket on him, died in the battle, which was described by Chopin as Ã¢â¬Å"a scramble and a rush rather than any regulated movementÃ¢â¬ (P. 4, L. 2, Page 154). The battle, described as chaotic, is inferred to have caused to death of this boy, who the audience, the priest and later Octavie presumes to be Edmond. The significance is that the chaos of war caused the loss, as it kills Ã¢â¬Å"EdmondÃ¢â¬ , also causing Octavie to grieve in part II, thus showing the far reaching effects of the war in the lives of people. In part II, the motif of loss appears in full flesh as Octavie now appears in full mourning outfit, described as appearing
Sunday, December 22, 2019
Homelessness Do you think the government is really doing enough to fix the issue of homelessness?According to Lee, Dozens of homeless were left with nothing after a local Seattle organization (SHARE) closed its shelters (Lee, Ã¢â¬Å"Dozens of homeless camp out at county building after SHARE closes its sheltersÃ¢â¬ ). How could the government just let these people live without shelter? It even got to the point where the homeless were camping outside a county building because they had no other options. This is just one of the many examples found in the world around us. There are many, many reasons why the local government needs to do more to try to solve the issue of homelessness. First, the current cost of living isnÃ¢â¬â¢t affordable; the government should make it cheaper to live in Seattle by providing more affordable housing. Also, the government should make more effort to prevent homelessness in the first place. Lastly, the homeless population has a humongous impact on the loc al area. If you live in the Pacific Northwest, itÃ¢â¬â¢s very likely that you know the cost of living in Seattle isnÃ¢â¬â¢t affordable, but what can the government do about this? The government should make the cost of living less expensive by providing more affordable housing. The number of homeless people living in Seattle is much greater than the number of available permanent government-assisted homes. Seattle, Washington is one of the top 10 homeless populated cities in America (Ã¢â¬Å"The Top 10 U.S. Cities WithShow MoreRelatedHomelessness : The Problem Of Homelessness1350 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesHomelessness There are many parts to the subject of homelessness, of course people talk about the solutions to it like The Ten Year Plan, then there is the history of it starting from the 1640Ã¢â¬â¢s. Also there is discussions about Homeless Shelters and more recently Anti-homeless Legislation. Then there are always the staggering statistics. The homeless is a very one minded topic for most. Most people think that the homeless should be helped, cared for, and educated for success. This is true (at leastRead MoreHomelessness : The Problem Of Homelessness1379 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesAlthough the numbers of homelessness in the States have decreased in the past 10 years, more than 3.5 million people each year experience homelessness, with 578,424 individuals experience homelessness each night (endhomelessness.org). Many poverty-stricken people are consistently at the risk of homelessness; there is a lack of affordable housing, many jobs provide low income, and destitute people cannot afford medical c are for support. However, homelessness does not only extend to the penniless -Read MoreThe Problem Of Homelessness And Homelessness Essay1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesled to homelessness. These barriers may be a numerous amount of things such as substance abuse, personal trauma, unhealthy relationships, health problems, or unemployment. No matter the barrier, goals need to be set and must be realistic. If the goals seem impossible to reach they will be. Finally, there must be a commitment to following through with the set goals and a realization that this is an ongoing process that will not change overnight. There is a misinformed stigma of homelessness, whichRead MoreHomelessness : The Problem Of Homelessness Essay1182 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Problem: Homelessness in Auckland Homelessness is a major issue in Auckland that is increasing rapidly over time. Generally defined by Statistics New Zealand Ã¢â¬Å"as living situations where people with no other options to acquire safe and secure housing: are without shelter, in temporary accommodation, sharing accommodation with a household or living in uninhabitable housingÃ¢â¬ , research has also found that there are four categories of homelessness including; without shelter e.g. living on the streets;Read MoreHomelessness Is A Problem Of Homelessness1658 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHomelessness in Society Imagine you are homeless and have no shelter, or nowhere to go. You walk through storms in the same clothes you had on a week ago. You look around for help, but there is none. What would you do? Or imagine you are one of the forgotten ones, whom people call dirty, and disgusting. Suddenly you hear footsteps, with hope filled inside you, and then a sudden sadness strikes you as the 1378th careless person walks by you and doesn t notice you. All you want is somewhere to sleepRead MoreThe Problem Of Homelessness And Homelessness802 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesConclusion Homelessness has been an ongoing problem in the United States and it cannot be decreased until each state comes up with a plan that is affective. However, in order for this to work the economy needs to recover to the point where no one is without a job and is paid a wage that is manageable. The negative stereotypes of judging the homeless needs to be stopped and people need to be educated that homelessness can affect anyone. Although there are many services available to assist the homelessRead MoreThe Problem Of Homelessness And Homelessness1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHomelessness We have already past Stone Age and marched towards the modern where we can see fascinating technology and different invention where cancer can be a cured with different medication but homeless still exists and is on the verge of increasing day by day. We canÃ¢â¬â¢t imagine ourselves being lost or not knowing where to go or what to do. Spending every day and night either depending on someone else or finding a shelter where you can have a nap. Waking up with the noises of the cars and otherRead MoreHomelessness : The Problem Of Homelessness1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHomelessness Awareness At some point in their life, a person has seen or heard of an individual who lives on the streets. The individual who lives on the streets and holds a sign that says they need money for food is consider homeless. Sadly, these individuals are everywhere and the amount of people under this title is slowly increasing. However, in this nation we have the ability to begin decreasing that number. By providing the necessary amount of assistance required to place these individualsRead MoreHomelessness Is A Problem Of Homelessness1610 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesHomelessness is a monster. Each day, there are people on the streets suffering from homelessness. These unsheltered people litter the streets, and plead for help. There are different types of homelessness, but the most monstrous is chronic. The chronically homeless are left to endure the hardships of homelessness without hope of an effective solution. Americans disregard all homeless populations, but the most heart wrenching group that is d isregarded is the veterans. The veteran homelessness problemRead MoreHomelessness : The Problem Of Homelessness2773 Words Ã |Ã 12 PagesJosh Elliott November 5, 2014 Professor Clark English 1102 Final Draft Homelessness in families has become a much more prominent problem in communities and many struggle from it as they are people who are lacking in funds causing them to be without a home. Today, homelessness among families is becoming more common and is unfortunately spreading all over the world. Most home owning people are unaware of the actuality of the conditions that the homeless people reside in and many cannot comprehend
Saturday, December 14, 2019
I am writing to you to express my views and opinions about the Amazonian rainforest and the way itÃ¢â¬â¢s being exploited. I am fully aware that you, as a government, are being threatened to reduce the amount of trees you cut down from other countries; this letter may initially appear to be like those others, but I understand both sides of the argument, although I do strongly believe it is best that we protect the rainforest than destroy it. I do realize that you are desperately trying to develop into one of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s most economically developed countries. We will write a custom essay sample on Letter to the brazilian government regarding the amazonian rainforest or any similar topic only for you Order Now Whilst destroying the rainforest would originally generate a huge income, I understand, the profits would not be as great if the natural resources were to be managed in a sustainable approach in the future. Amazonia will eventually be deprived of its resources at this going rate Ã¢â¬â the effects this will cause will be difficult to resolve. Firstly, Amazonia is a way of life to the indigenous people; they have lived in this rainforest for thousands of years. If you were to destroy Amazonia, these people would be forced to leave their homes as their homeland/habitat would be in the way of loggers, and legal legislations would not permit the locals to stay put, as they do not possess Ã¢â¬Ëownership deedsÃ¢â¬â¢, as you are aware of. This may cause more deforestation, as the tribes would have to find new areas in the rainforest to live Ã¢â¬â others may migrate (sometimes illegally) to other countries in South America or even around the world; so they will become more densely populated with mostly uneducated Brazilians, as, most of the indigenous people have never gone to school. At present, South America has an increasing population of roughly 371 million people. Notably, the most densely populated countries in South America are Brazil (186,112,794) followed by Colombia (42,954,279), Venezuela (25,375,231) and then Ecuador (13,363,593). Each of these countries are partly covered by the Amazonian Rainforest Ã¢â¬â if it were to be destroyed, a majority of these people would be likely to migrate to another country located in South America, probably a MEDC compared to the others, as it would be cheaper and easy to reach. By destroying the rainforest you would be putting your local civilization in jeopardy, just to make money, in which I would agree, this would improve the countries economy in the distant future Ã¢â¬â but it does not necessarily make this right. Not only would destroying the Amazonian rainforest have huge effects on the locals, the consequences of destroying it would make a global impact. Accordingly, the vegetation of the rainforest accounts for 20% of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s supply of oxygen Ã¢â¬â which could be a cause for concern to the native mammals on our planet. If the trees and plants were to be destroyed the CO2 would also cause a great risk; being released into the atmosphere, as a greenhouse gas, will contribute massively to global warming. Our descendants will suffer from these effects; be witnessing flooding and climate changes worldwide, if you were to act irresponsibly and destroy Amazonia. Can you imagine your children being affected by this global impact? It surely must defeat the morals of destroying the Amazonian Rainforest in the first place. As you must be aware of, the rainforestÃ¢â¬â¢s natural diversity is huge. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s home to over 1000 different tree species; 40,000 plants, 2. 5 million insects, 3000 fish, 1,300 birds, 440 mammals, 430 amphibians and 380 reptiles. Destroying the habitats of the wide variety of these species will cause a majority of them to become extinct, as most canÃ¢â¬â¢t be found anywhere else in the world. It is because of the equatorial climate in your region of the world that these species exist, and the weather is perfect for them to survive and thrive. The plants, as you will know, oppose the potential in containing undiscovered medicines which can possibly cure fatal diseases; which could benefit the human civilization forever. This could possibly give you an alternative for making huge sums of money Ã¢â¬â extracting medicines that can cure world-wide spread diseases that will always be in demand. But on the other hand, destroying the rainforest will provide the world many valuable resources like hardwoods and building materials; which are imperative in global development. Your country would receive a substantial amount of money as these materials can be used for a lot of practical uses aswell Ã¢â¬â highlighting there world-wide benefits. Finally, destroying Amazonia would provide key professions, such as loggers, cattle ranchers and miners to the local people who seek employment which requires little/no education. This is important for them as they will be able to afford a better standard of life, in which their family will benefit from. But these people are only, however, interested in their own wealth fare Ã¢â¬â not the environment around them. They simply do not care about the millions of animals that will suffer from their actions Ã¢â¬â but it is you that can prevent this, or even just change these occurrences. However, this is understandable on their behalf; they need money to survive, but the reasons for deforestation are easily outshone by the fact that the rainforest needs to be preserved. In addition, those local people can capably make a relatively large amount of money if they were to work as an act of sustainable development. Simple farming methods could be taught to the local people, which are efficient in growing reasonable amounts of produce, time after time; these allotments would be placed in selected areas of the rainforest Ã¢â¬â therefore this allows different sections of Amazonia to be protected and local people can be provided with free knowledge and education, to benefit the quality of their produce and its efficiency of being more environmentally clean and effective. Mining companies could be restrained into only being able to mine only certain amounts/types of the minerals underneath the rainforest flooring, at different intervals during a year/month. Taxes can be installed on each ore the foreign companies extract, so the country itself would receive extra amounts of money from work they donÃ¢â¬â¢t participate in, as their own resources are being disposed. Once theses mines have been exhausted Ã¢â¬â deprived of all their natural resources Ã¢â¬â the companies must reforest the area, to help repair the damage to the environment. This possible legislation can also be applied to the logging industries. The trees cut down should be replaced immediately by the seeds of that species Ã¢â¬â afforestation. This would at least enable the survival of the vegetation in Amazonia in the future. Also once again, it could be acceptable to place a tax on the more expensive tree species which are cut down, which would decrease the companies profits which may prevent them from cutting down so many of them; and the local governments would receive this money which could possibly increase their yearly revenue dramatically . Ecotourism will provide employment for the local people, but more importantly boost the economy, just like all of the other sustainable activities, but the difference would be; the beneficial improvement to the popularity and reputation of the rainforest. AmazoniaÃ¢â¬â¢s natural beauty will be appreciated as it deserves, with a minimal amount of deforestation, and a global demand to witness its magnificence, which will always be constant Ã¢â¬â fetching high prices from each tourist. The use of ecotourism could be extended to the creations of national reserves and parks, in and outside of Amazonia; which would provide a wide range of employment and the potential to be the most Ã¢â¬ËexoticÃ¢â¬â¢ of the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s national parks, which would make a visit there highly expensive and therefore profitable for the countries. By following these policies, horrific consequences are being prevented and compromises have been put into place to ensure that both groups of people, wanting to protect the rainforest and destroy the rainforest are happy with the agreement. If any of these legislations were to be broken then fines could be used to create negative publicity for the companies; which could decrease their popularity severely and damage the economical structure. In conclusion I strongly believe that you should try your up-most hardest to protect the Amazonian Rainforest. Whilst you have plenty of sustainable ways to provide your country with resources needed to develop efficiently, your local people can also benefit from the new legislations I strongly recommend you implement. If you were to decide to destroy the entire rainforest, global warming would endanger the world, and for that sole reason other countries would attempt to stop you, creating wars, in order to inevitably save the plant. Your only acceptable reason for cutting down the rainforest is to make money from the large amounts of natural resources you produce. But when the rainforest would be completely destroyed, you will have nothing that is valuable remaining. Moreover, the profit you would make from the various techniques of sustainable development, in a relatively short time period, at around a matter of a decade, would be greater than if you were to destroy the rainforest entirely. So you could receive a better Ã¢â¬Ëturn-overÃ¢â¬â¢ from saving the planet, eventually. It is not essential that you totally cut down the rainforest. Destroying it will cause far more arguments and worldwide horror than leaving Amazonia to provide us with the resources required. How to cite Letter to the brazilian government regarding the amazonian rainforest, Papers
Friday, December 6, 2019
Questions: Task 1From the research you have conducted, write a report explaining the different types of business information, their sources and purpose. As part of your report please include information about the business and present this information using three different methods (spreadsheet, chart, information leaflet, presentation).If you would like to achieve a Merit in your assignment, you would need to analyse different types of business information and their resources. If you would like to achieve a distinction in your assignment, you would need to evaluate the appropriateness of business information used to make strategic decisions, and evaluate the effectiveness of business information and its communication as key contributors to the success of an organisation, please use clear examples to support your points. Task 2From the research you have conducted, please produce at least two examples of corporate communications of your chosen organisation. Evaluate the external corporate communic ations of an existing product or service of your chosen organisation Task 3From the research you have conducted, explain the legal and ethical issues of your chosen organisation and explain their operational issues.Task 4With reference to your chosen organisation, outline electronic and non-electronic methods for communicating business information, using examples for different types of audience. Answers: Introduction In this report, the topic business communication has been discussed. The issues the business organization faces and how they solve those communication problems. The problems which the organizations are facing in their communication they have to overcome those problems. If any wrong information is communicated then it will create a lot of problem for the organization. So, it is very necessary for an organization to keep a check when they are communicating their information. In this assignment the chosen organization is Microsoft. AC 1.1 Different types of business information: Verbal information: The best way for communicate not efficient for all the time. Different types of verbal information are there like face to face, phone, recorded. Written information: Written Information can be a words file, diagram, charts and also can be graph. This type of information can come from wide range of source like newspaper, magazines, letters, journals, books. On-Screen Information: On-Screen can be produce by on screen like TV, computer, CD-ROMs which mainly content the video, audio. Multi Media Information: Multiple from of media integrated together which contains graphics, animation, audio and data. Web-Based Information: Web-Based Information is best way for gathering information which come from internet and it contain PD File, video or data sheet(Kent, and Hoberman, 2012). Purpose of Business Information: Two types of purpose are there such as a) Internal (Example: update knowledge, information for making the decision, initiate action or provided instruction, share ideas and opinions). B) External (Example: promotion of a product, services or ideas share, build a strong relationship, clarify). Sources of Information: There are various sources of business information. 1) Internal areas of the enterprise which contain financial, sales, production, marketing, customer services. 2) External areas of the enterprise like market research, government. AC 1.2 Complex internal business information using three different methods: There are several methods in internal business communication like power point presentation, web based presentation, written report, graphs and charts, poster and notices or face to face communication. In Information complexity like production, people management, marketing, information relating to the strategic decision making process involving finance. Written format include size, uses of color, layout, image (Beynon-Davies, 2013). AC 2.1 Corporate Communication: Corporate communication is communication activity that is generated by company, body, institute to its public for achieve the objective. There are two types of corporate communication like Internal and external. In Internal corporate communication employees, stakeholders are included. In External corporate communication agencies, channel partners, media, government, industry, bodies, general public (Vaishnavi, and Kuechler, 2015). Some responsibilities of corporate communication are like indicate who should perform which task in the field of communication management function, dealing with controlled and uncontrolled media, serving both internal and external audiences, proactive communication planning , branding images and reputation (Barnes, and Hunt, Eds 2013). Corporate communication is important in business because of global economy, environment, increased role of management, professionalism of public, fragmentation of mass media, splintering of mess markets, and rapid development of the new media technology leading in communication trends. AC 2.2- Evaluation of the external corporate communications for an existing product An effective communication in an organization is very much necessary. External communication is mainly needed in an organization when the higher authorities have talk about their product with the outer world. The external parties with whom the communication takes place are the customers, suppliers, business partners, competitors, and media. Communication with the customers: Customers plays the influential role for any organization in the business environment. Companies like Dell, Microsoft claims that their main success is based on the feedbacks given by their customers. The customers give them the feedback about their product and tell their preferences to the company and according to that the companies bring changes in their products (Chen, and Storey, 2012). Communication with the media-In the corporate communication function media plays an important role. According to (), media gets the information from the investors, employees, consumers about the company and also about the image of the company. The media has the capability to turn up or down the position of a company in a few seconds. So, it is very essential for a company to keep cooperation and a good relationship with the media. Microsoft keeps a good relationship with the media. They inform the media about every improvement taking place in their organization. Microsoft has a site called Microsoft News Centre where the company provides all their important updates about their company (Bloom, and Van Reenen, 2014). Communication with competitors: Google, Oracle, Apple are the main competitors of Microsoft. Microsoft always keeps all the details about their competitors. Google is their main competitors. Microsoft has always tried to keep an healthy relationship with their competitors. Communication with the government: In a business the government is always involved at every step. As Microsoft has their organization in almost all over the world and they have to keep a cordial relationship with the government of those countries where they have their organization. Along with that they have to follow all the policies and the regulations which the government of that host country has implemented (Luo, and Bu, 2015). Communication with share holders: In Microsoft there is no external stakeholders engagement for their organization. They do not provide any training related to stakeholders engagement. AC 3.1- Ethical and the legal issues in relation with the use of business information When any information is given to any one specially to the media or business partners then the organization has to follow certain legal and ethical rules and policies like the news wont be leaked to any one and along with that the when the news are shared with the business partners or the media house they have to maintain some decorum (Galliers, and Leidner, 2014). When a business deal takes place between two companies then both the companies has to sign some legal documents and along with that both the company also have to maintain some ethics. If any company does not follow the rules that were written in the legal documents when they signed the documents and they are breaking the business ethics then the other company has the authority to take action against the company who has disobeyed the rules and the regulations. Not only the companies have to follow the rules that has been set by them but they also have to follow the trade rules of that country which has been set by that count ry on all the organizations has to follow the rules which the respective government of that host country has made for all the organizations doing their business in the respective country (Davenport,2013). AC 3.2- The operational issues in relation to business information In an organization like Microsoft there are various types of issues and one of the issues is regarding the business information. In business all the information needs to be kept secure so that no one except the concerned person get access to the required information (Pratt, and Sugimoto, 2012). The data which are stored in the database so that the employees can easily access the required details and for that the database need to be kept secured so that no one can tamper with the data as if the data are tampered then it will cause a lots of problem for the organization. The organization has to use all the latest technologies and along with that the technologies need to have a good security so that there is no leakage of informations from the organization. The operations of this information need to be under scrutiny and for that the staffs who will be in charge of this need to be trained so that there is no such problems that they could not solve. Along with that the organization also needs to develop new systems which will be the best for their organization for operating their information securely (Bazhenova, and Becker, 2012, September). AC 4.1- Electronic and Non- Electronic methods adapted for communicating the business information In organization like Microsoft the electronic communication is mainly done with the help of emails, video conferencing, fax, and mobile. With the help of this device both the internal and the external communication can be done by an organization. Internet is one of the best medium with the help of which the almost all the electronic method of communication takes place. With the help of power-point also the electronic communication can be conducted and power point helps a lot in making people understand what the organization want and what is their future planning (Seyal, and Rahman, 2014). In case of non- electronic method communication can be done with the help of lectures or arranging seminars and also can be done with the help of pen and white board. In the white board the person can draw and convey their thoughts and planning to the other people. Conclusion In a nutshell it can be said that both the external and internal communication are equally important for conveying a business information. If the information is not conveyed correctly then it can create a lot of problem for the organization and along with that the data also need to be operated securely and the data also need to be used by following all the legal and ethical policies that has been implemented by the individual organization and also implemented by the government for the betterment of the country and also for the organization. References Kent, W., and Hoberman, S. (2012).Data and reality: a timeless perspective on perceiving and managing information in our imprecise world. Technics publications. Beynon-Davies, P. (2013).Business information systems. Palgrave Macmillan. Vaishnavi, V. K., and Kuechler, W. (2015).Design science research methods and patterns: innovating information and communication technology. CRC Press. Barnes, S., and Hunt, B. (Eds.). (2013).E-commerce and v-business. Routledge. Chen, H., Chiang, R. H., and Storey, V. C. (2012). Business Intelligence and Analytics: From Big Data to Big Impact.MIS quarterly,36(4), 1165-1188. Bloom, N., Garicano, L., Sadun, R., and Van Reenen, J. (2014). The distinct effects of information technology and communication technology on firm organization.Management Science,60(12), 2859-2885. Seyal, A. H., and Rahman, M. N. A. (2014). Evaluating the Internal and External Factors Toward ERP Success: Examples from Bruneian Businesses.International Journal of Enterprise Information Systems (IJEIS),10(4), 73-95. Luo, Y., and Bu, J. (2015). How valuable is information and communication technology? A study of emerging economy enterprises.Journal of World Business. Davenport, T. H. (2013).Process innovation: reengineering work through information technology. Harvard Business Press. Galliers, R. D., and Leidner, D. E. (2014).Strategic information management: challenges and strategies in managing information systems. Routledge. Bazhenova, E., Taratukhin, V., and Becker, J. (2012, September). Impact of information and communication technologies on business process management on small and medium enterprises in the emerging countries. InProceedings of the 11th International Conference on perspectives in business informatics research, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia(pp. 65-74). Pratt, J. A., Hauser, K., and Sugimoto, C. R. (2012). Defining the intellectual structure of information systems and related college of business disciplines: a bibliometric analysis.Scientometrics,93(2), 279-304.
Friday, November 29, 2019
Women in music It has been written that Western Music originated in the Western world which includes Western Classical music, Western and Country, American Jazz, Pop music, and Rock and Roll. Western Music was also related to old an English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballad which were originally composed by the people from Western America and Western Canada as well. It is also influenced by Mexican music, particularly in the American Southwest, which added to its development. (Wikipedia Encyclopedia). Need essay sample on "Women in music" topic? We will write a custom essay sample specifically for you Proceed Women's involvement in western music have different roles such as audience, as participant, as a sponsor and as a creator (Cyrus, 2003). According to Touliatos (1996), during the period of early Christianity in Byzantium, Byzantine women are considered inferior to men in intellectual and spiritual aspect. With this, we can assume that womens involvement in music is very minimal. We have known before that few numbers of women are associated with prostitution so they are forbidden to perform using musical instruments, specially the unmarried women. Also in Byzantine society the result of being a single woman who cannot act freely chooses between marriage and the monastery (Touliatos 1996). As I read the life of this woman named Fanny Mendelssohn, I realized that she is a good example of a woman who has a unique talent in music but surpassed so many trials before her music became known. Fanny expresses an exceptional ability in music as a child and she loves to write music. However, his father did support her with her desire to write compositions but she is being tolerated at least. The reason behind this is the notion that women should only stay at home and later will become a housewife. Abraham, her father, was a well-off banker at that time. Fanny has a brother named Felix who is also talented so they became well gifted composers and pianists. However, Fannys talent as a composer was quite comparable to those of her brother but her father is having a contrasting attitude towards this calling which he considers inappropriate for a young lady. With this Felix carried on this opposition after their father's death until Fanny decided to pursue what she wants to do and finally she got married. Felix becomes supportive with her sister about her composition and performance at last but he was also being cautious for family reasons so he published Fannys works under her own name and some of her songs are published under his own name as well. In turn Fanny helped Felix by to constructive his own pieces by criticizing it. It was then that her music becomes known through concert performances and by the released of CDs on labels. Fannys repute has been highly developed by a research for female musical creativity, where she is one few exemplars during early 19th century (Pendle, 1991). In conclusion, women dont always appear inferior to men when it comes to music. As of this generation, the 21st century, there are top female artist in the field of music, who continually inspires people by their song compositions and the like. Similar to Fanny, and the rest of the women of their times and the present, it is indeed a good experience from the past that women are deprived of getting involved into music, because they only proved that everybody is accepted whether men or women in the music industry. Many women are living proof that we are splendidly proficient in creating an important and long-lasting cultural contribution such as being composers, performers, patrons, poets, and subject of musical expression. Widely know from being criticized in olden days, what is important is the involvement that women made to the world of Musical history. References Cyrus, C.J., (2003) Medieval Women and Music. Touliatos, Diane. (1996). Women Composer: Music Through the Ages, vol. I Composers Born Before 1599, eds.Martha Furman Schleifer and Sylvia Glickman. New York: G.K. Hall, pp. 1-24.Pendle, K. (1991), Women in Music: A History. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Monday, November 25, 2019
Outline of Sioux History essays The Sioux Nation contained about twenty thousand people in seven different tribes throughout the Northern Great plains. The Sioux were originally part of the seven council fires, Oceti Sakowin, which was made up of seven bands: four Dakota, two nakota and one teton or lakota band. The word Sioux originated from the near by Chippewa tribe where they called the Oceti Sakowin Nadoweisiw meaning little snakes. The French later corrupted the term to nadowessioux which the English later shortened to Sioux. The Sioux lived in the head waters of Mississippi, Minnesota, and Wisconsin. Around 1750-1775 the Oglala Lakota split off of the main Dakota homeland in Minnesota and moved west to the Black Hills where the Cheyenne along with the Kiowa and Crow lived. By 1794 the Lakota controlled the Black Hills and latter created alliances with some of the tribes. The lakota also set a trend for the rest of the tribes to follow. Around 1851 the US and Native American tribes signed the Fort Laramine treaty which was to guarantee peace between the US and many tribes in the plains area. However, this did not happen. There was constant US involvement which broke many of the treatys promises. Chief Red Cloud, along with the Lakotas and Cheyenne fought the US and maintained ground. This is the only time any Indian leader totally defeated the United States in an extended all out war. The result was the 1868 Laramine treaty, which withdrew military forces from the Black Hills area. This later created the great Sioux reservation in which Sioux could live and hunt on. With constant confusion between where the Lakota could stay and go, they began to go off the reservation. Some of the Lakotas or Siouxs did not go back to the reservation, so on June 25th 1876 Chief Sitting Bull, along with other tribes were taken by surprise by General George Armstrong Custer. Within twenty minutes, Custer along with seven cavalr...
Thursday, November 21, 2019
EBay Stock Option Plans - Essay Example When the figures are compared between the two methods, the figure that denotes eBayÃ¢â¬â¢s unprofitable operations can be turned to a profitable one with the choice of the accounting method. Thus, ethical considerations which should be based on accurate reporting of its performance to its investors, are of little importance to eBay in choosing the method for reporting its options. Certain financial considerations seem to play part in the choice of eBayÃ¢â¬â¢s financial reporting for stock options. As the choice will impact a handful of items in the financial statements of the company, financial considerations seem to be very relevant as for eBayÃ¢â¬â¢s choice of intrinsic value over fair market value (Bradshaw 2004, 3). According to an article from Darden Business Publishing, University of Virginia, the main advantage of choosing intrinsic value over fair market value is that firms will not record compensation expense when the market price is equal to the exercise price (2004, 12). This gives a firm a significant financial advantage as it reduces the effect of compensation expenses to the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s operating expenses, which then affects the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s net income. When a company like eBay can choose to report its stock options based on the intrinsic value method, it is required to put footnotes in order to show the figures if fair market value method is used for financial reporting. However, because this is just a footnote and does not require recognition in the financial statements of the company, the choice has some strong relevance to the financial considerations that are associated with it. According to the article from the University of Virginia, the shift from intrinsic value to fair market value method of reporting stock options will impact eBayÃ¢â¬â¢s financial statements by recognizing a deferred tax asset for the estimated future benefit, which will
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
The Use of Financial Tools in the Management Process - Term Paper Example Investments have related interest expense amounts. The same return shows the interest rate that is used to generate a resultant zero net present value. The present value is arrived at by using an interest rate in the computation. The annual or periodic cash inflow is collected. Examples of inflows of cash are: ? 260 for year 1, ? 280 for year 2, ? 250 and for year 3. The interest rate is given. The periodic or annual inflows of cash are multiplied by the present value factor (interest rate). The result of the multiplication activity is the present value amount of the periodic inflows of cash (Hilton, 2011). To computation of the rate of internal return, the present values are determined. Next, the decision maker must equate the cost of the investment as the total inflows of cash. Subtracting the two accounts, the net present value is nil (Daft, 2011). Next, the internal rate of return can be easily computed (Sollenberger, 2008). The total present value of net inflows of cash is divid ed by the total inflows of cash. The computation outcome is traced is plotted on the net present value table. The decision maker searches for the column where the division result falls. Further, the internal rate of return (IRR) tool is used to compare the financial performance of two or more entities. For example, the internal rate of return of Reagan Company is 6 percent. Further, Washington Company has an internal rate of return of 8 percent. Comparing the two companiesÃ¢â¬â¢ internal rate of return, Washington Company has a better internal rate of return. The company with a higher internal rate of return output shows a financially better business image (Gitman, 2008). Compared with the net present value decision-making tool, the internal rate of return is a better management tool. Most decision makers prefer the internal rate of return. The internal rate of return places importance on timesÃ¢â¬â¢ effect on money, cash flows. Time value analysis includes placing a higher value on the earlier collection or payment of cash amounts over the same amount of cash collected at later years.Ã
Monday, November 18, 2019
Career Development - Coursework Example Consequently, in order to develop high level of educational accomplishments amongst students, it is fundamental that one start by building stronger self-efficacy for the scholar early enough. Thus, self-efficacy is much imperative topic amongst the educators and psychologists as studies have established, self-efficacy to have an impact on psychological states to motivation to behavior. Individuals can be persuaded to believe and consider that they have the capabilities and skills to succeed. When an individual says something encouraging and positive to another person will help one to attain a goal The most important action plant towards self-efficacy personal development is mastery experiences; the most effectual means of developing strong sense of self-efficacy is by mastery experiences. Performing a task successfully strengthens our sense of self-efficacy. Conversely, failing to sufficiently deal with duties or confront may weaken and undermine self-efficacy. Therefore repeated carrying out of an activities in business for instance auditing, it will help in grasping all the essential details required in auditing, hence mastering of experience. The next action plan self-efficacy personal development is social modeling. With keen observation of what others performing the tasks and duties, I will be able to perform it later. Therefore, social modeling is achieved by witnessing other individuals successfully finishing a job or task. Observing individual accomplishing something by continued endeavor raises observers attitude and beliefs that they can also have the capacity to master similar activities to thrive. With social modeling, it boosts oneÃ¢â¬â¢s self esteem to carry out the tasks that has been observed. Similarly, when the other party performing the tasks made a mistake, one can correct from the mistake observed and perform much better. The third action plan for self-efficacy
Saturday, November 16, 2019
The Benefits of Java JAVA INCLUDES A LIBRARY OF CLASSES AND INTERFACES: The Java platform includes an extensive class library so that programmers can use already existing classes, as it is, create subclasses to modify existing classes, or implement interfaces to augment the capabilities of classes. Both classes and interfaces contain data members (fields) and functions (methods), but there are major differences. In a class, fields may be either variable or constant, and methods are fully implemented. To use an interface, a programmer defines a class, declares that it implements the Interface, and then implements all the methods in that interface as part of the class. These methods are implemented in a way that is appropriate for the class in which the methods are being used. Interfaces let one add functionality to a class and give a great deal of flexibility in doing it. A package is a collection of related Java classes and interfaces. The following list, however not complete, gives example of some Java packages and what they cover. Java.lang: The basic classes. This package is so basic that it automatically is included in any Java program. It includes classes that intercepts with numeric, strings, objects, runtime, security, and threads. Java.io: Package that includes classes managing reading data in input streams and writing data into output streams. Java.util: Miscellaneous utility classes, including generic data structures, bit sets, time, date, the string manipulation, random number generation, system properties, notification and enumeration of data structures. Java.net: Classes for network support. Java.awt: Classes that manage user interface components such as windows, dialog boxes, buttons, checkboxes, lists, menus, scrollbars, and text fields, the Ã¢â¬Å"AWTÃ¢â¬ stands for Abstract Window Toolkit. Java.awt.image: Classes for managing image data, including color models, dropping color flittering, setting pixel values, and grabbing snapshots. Java.applet: The Applet class, which provides the ability to write applets, this package also includes several interfaces that connect an applet to its documents and to its document. Java.sql: The JDBC API, classes and interfaces that access databases and send SQL Statements. The first three packages listed, java.lang, java.io and java.util form the basis, they are basic classes and interfaces for general-purpose programming. Java development kit version1.1 added some new packages, with JDBC being one of them. Other new packages include such thing as Remote Method Invocation, Security and Java Beans, the new API for creating reusable components. In Java, packages serve as the foundation for building other packages, as discussed in the following section. JAVA IS EXTENSIBLE: A big plus for Java is the fact it can be extended. It was purposely written to be lean with the emphasis on doing what it does very well, instead of trying to do everything from the beginning, it was return so that extending it is very simple. The JDBC API, the java.sql package, is one example upon which extensions are being built. In addition to extensions there are also main tools being developed to make existing capabilities easier to use. For example, there is already a tool that greatly Simplifies creating and laying out Graphical User Interfaces such as menus, Dialog boxes and buttons. SECURITY: It is important that a programmer not be able to write subversive code for Applications or applets. This is especially true with the Internet being used more and more extensively for services such as electronic commerce and electronic delivery of software and multimedia content. The Java platform builds in security in four ways. The way memory is Allocated and laid out: In Java an objectÃ¢â¬â¢s location in memory is not determined until The runtime, as opposed to C and C++, where the compiler makes memory layout Decisions. As the result, a programmer cannot look at a class definition and figure out how it might be laid out in memory. Also since, Java has no pointers, a programmer cannot forge pointers to memory. The way incoming code is checked: The Java virtual machine doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t trust any incoming code and subjects it to what is called throughte code verification. The throughte code Verifier, part of the virtual machine, checks that the format of incoming code is correct incoming code doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t forge pointers, it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t violate access restrictions, it accesses objects what they are. The way classes are loaded: The Java throughte code loader, another part of the virtual machine, whether classes loaded during program execution are local or from across a network. Imported classes cannot be substituted for built in classes, and built in classes cannot accidentally reference classes brought in over a network. The way access is restricted for untested code: The Java security manager allows user to restrict untested Java applets so that they cannot access the local network, files and other resources. JAVA PERFORMS WELL: Java performance is better than one might expect. Java has many advantages, such as having built in security and being interpreted as well as compiled, do have a cost attached to them. As a result, Java has done quite respectably in performance tests. Its performance numbers for interpreting throughte codes are usually more than adequate to run interactive graphical end user applications. For situations that require unusually high performance, throughte codes can be translated on the fly, generating the final machine code for the particular CPU on which the application is running at run time. High level interpreted scripting language generally offer great portability and fast prototyping but poor performance. Low level compiled language like C and C++ offer great performance but require large amounts of time for writing and debugging code because of problems with areas such as memory management, pointers and multiple inheritance. Java offers good performance with the advantages of high level languages but without the disadvantages of C and C++. JAVA IS ROBUST: The multi platformed environment of the WEB places extraordinary demands on a program, because it must execute reliably in a variety of systems. Thus the ability to create robust programs was given a high priority in the design of Java. To gain reliability, Java restricts you in a few key areas to force you to find your mistakes early in program developments. At the same time, Java frees you from having to worry about many of the most common cause of programming errors. Because Java is strictly typed language, it checks your code at compile time. However, it also checks your code at run time. In fact, many hard to track down bugs that often turn up in hard to reproduce runtime situations are simply impossible to create in Java. Knowing that what you have written will behave in a predictable way under diverse conditions is a key feature of Java to understand how Java robust. For example in C/C++ the programmer must manually allocate and free all dynamic memory. This sometimes leads to problems. For example some programmers some times forget the free memory that has been previously allocated. JAVA SCALES WELL: Java platform is designed to scale well, from portable consumer electronic devices to powerful desktop and server machines. As a result, Java accommodates the need for low storage and for low bandwidth transmission over the Internet. In addition the Java operating system offers a standalone Java platform that eliminates host operating system overhead while still supporting the full Java platform. API makes Java ideal for low cost network computers whose sole purpose is to access the Internet. JAVA IS MULTITHREADED: Multithreading is simply the ability of a program to do more than one thing at a time. For example an application could be faxing a document at the same time it is printing another document. Or a program could process new inventory figures while it sustains a feed for current prices. JAVA IS IMPORTANT TO THE INTERNET: The Internet helped catapult Java to the forefront of programming and Java in turn has a profound effect on the Internet. The reason is simple. Java expands the universe of objects that can move about freely in cyberspace. In a network, there are two broad categories of objects transmitted between the server, your personal computer, passive info and dynamic, active programs. For example, when you read your e-mail, you are viewing passive data. Even when you download a program, the programÃ¢â¬â¢s code is still only passive data until you execute it. However, there is a second type of object that can be transmitted to your computer, a dynamic, self executing program. Such a program would be an active agent on the client computer, yet it would be initiated through the server. As desirable as dynamic, networked programs are, they also current serious problems in the areas of security and portability. Prior to Java cyberspace was effectively closed to half the entities that now live the re. Java addresses these concerns and doing so, has opened the door to an exiting a new form of program.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
Hooters and Men I donÃ¢â¬â¢t know why I feel so nervous. IÃ¢â¬â¢ve eaten at Hooters once before and it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t so terrible. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just a wing joint where the waitresses are famous for being bosomy. Maybe thatÃ¢â¬â¢s it. I feel inadequate. My small chest will pale in comparison to the over abundance of female flesh put so confidently on display and my boyfriend will never look at me the same. Come to think of it, why was he so proud and anxious to tell every male friend he had that his girlfriend asked him to go to Hooters with her? And why did they respond with cheers, hollers and, Ã¢â¬Å"man, youÃ¢â¬â¢re so lucky?Ã¢â¬ The feeling of trepidation grows as our car nears the dreaded restaurant. I donÃ¢â¬â¢t need to feel uneasy: how busy could this restaurant be at 7:30 on a Wednesday night? The sight of a parking lot full of cars almost causes me to force my boyfriend to turn the car around, leaving skid marks as the only piece of incriminating evidence to prove that I was on Hooters property. No, face your fear. I open the car door and walk up to the restaurant, with my boyfriend doing a good impression of not being giddy following at my heels. When I have almost reached the door, a car pulls up and two older couples, probably in their middle sixties, get out. I find it odd that they would patron this particular restaurant, but their presence helps to put me at ease. Maybe I wonÃ¢â¬â¢t look so bizarre walking into the restaurant next to them. I open the door to a small room where Hooters paraphernalia is sold. Everything from T-shirts to shot glasses, all decorated with the Hooters logo. I have to admit itÃ¢â¬â¢s a good marketing strategy: this room is the first thing to greet a customer walking in and the last thing a customer sees on the way out. But the strategy doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t work (or at least at this point) for either the older couples or my boyfriend and I. Instead, we walk into the crowded restaurant and try to find a place to sit. My boyfriend and I choose a table against the wall. This table is high off the ground and we sit on stools, which makes it feel like we are at a bar, or another type of informal eatery.
Monday, November 11, 2019
Safe and Sound Taylor Swift We Are Never Ever Getting Back Together Taylor Swift Hinahanap Ã¢â¬â Hanap Kita Daniel Padilla/Rivermaya Kahit Maputi Na Ang Buhok Ko Noel Cabangon Tanging Yaman Reflection (From Disney's Mulan) I E F G Look at me, E F G G C2 You may think you see E G F E D Who I really am, F F F G E D But you'll never know me. II E F G Everyday, E F G G C2 C2 it's as if I play G G F A part. III E F G Now I see, E F G G C2 If I wear a mask, E G F E DI can fool the world, F F F G E D C C but I cannot fool my heart. Chorus: D2 D2 D2 C2 D2 E2 C2 Who is that girl I see? B C2 A Staring straight, G C2 F Back at me. E G C2 C2 E2 E2 F2 D2 D2 When will my reflection show D2 E2 C2 B C2 Who I am inside? (REPEAT III) D2 D2 D2 C2 D2 E2 C2 Who is that girl I see? B C2 A Staring straight, G C2 F Back at me. E G C2 C2 E2 E2 F2 D2 D2 D2 D2E2 C2 D2 When will my reflection show Someone I don't know? D2 D2 D2 C2 D2 E2 C2 Must I pretend that I'mB C2 A G C2 F Someone else for all time? E G C 2 C2 E2 E2 F2 D2 D2 When will my reflection show D2 E2 C2 B D2 C2 Who I am inside? D2 E2 D2 C2 B G FÃ¢â¬ ¦.. E D There's a heart that must be Free to fly B C2 C2 C2 That burns D2 E2 D2 D2 C2 B with a need to know G A E2 D2 E2 F2 The reason why (REPEAT CHORUS) ENDING: E G C2 C2 E2 E2 F2 D2 D2 When will my reflection show D2 E2 C2 C2 B C2 Who I am inside? C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 C2 What Makes You Beautiful One Direction FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã F You're insecure FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã CDon't know what for FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã G A G You're turning heads when you walk through the door FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã F Don't need make up FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã C To cover up FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã F FÃ Ã Ã F G A G Being the way that you are is enough FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2Ã Ã Ã D2 D2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã G Everyone else in the room can see it FÃ Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã D2 C2Ã Ã A G Everyone else but you [CHORUS] AÃ Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã G AÃ Ã Ã G Baby you light up my world like nobody elseAÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã GÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã G The way that you flip your hair gets me overwhelmed AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã G But when you smile at the ground it aint hard to tell AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã A You don't know Oh Oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G F You don't know you're beautiful FÃ Ã Ã F FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã G If only you saw w hat I can see AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã G You'll understand why I want you so desperatelyAÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã F FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã G Right now I'm looking at you and I can't believe AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã A You don't know Oh oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G FÃ Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã A You don't know you're beautiful Oh oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G F That what makes you beautiful FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã F So c-come on FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã C You got it wrong FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã FÃ Ã FÃ Ã G A G To prove I'm right I put it in a song FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã F I don't know why FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã C You're being shyFÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã F FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã G A G And turn away when I look into your eyes FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2Ã Ã Ã D2 D2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã A Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã G Everyone else in the room can see it FÃ Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã D2 C2Ã Ã A G Everyone else but you [REPEAT CHORUS] [BRIDGE] FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2D2D2C2 AÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã G Nana Nana Nana Nanana FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2D2D2C2 Nana Nana Nana FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2D2D2C2 AÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã G Nana Nana Nana Nanana FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã C2D2D2C2 Nana Nana Nana AÃ Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã G AÃ Ã Ã G Baby you light up my world like nobody else AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã GÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã G The way that you flip your hair gets me overwhelmedAÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã G But when you smile at the ground it aint hard to tell AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã A You don't know Oh Oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G F You don't know you're beautiful [CHORUS 2] AÃ Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã G AÃ Ã Ã G Baby you light up my world like nobody else AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã GÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã G The way that you flip your hair gets me overwhelmed AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã G But when you smile at the ground it aint hard to tellAÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã A You don't know Oh Oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G F You don't know you're beautiful FÃ Ã Ã F FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã AÃ Ã Ã G If only you saw what I can see AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã G You'll understand why I want you so desperately AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã F FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã G Right now I'm looking at you and I can't believe AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã FÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã Ã A You don't know Oh oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G FÃ Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã A You don't know you're beautiful Oh ohAÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã G FÃ Ã Ã Ã GÃ Ã Ã A You don't know you're beautiful Oh oh AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã AÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã G F That's what makes you beautiful My Heart Will Go On (Titanic Theme Song) INTRO: C2 D2 E2 D2 E2 D2 C2 D2 G2 G2 F2 E2 C2 A A A F G C2 D2 E2 D2 E2 D2 C2 D2 G2 G2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã D2 E2 A2 G2 D2 I C2 C2Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã C2 Every night in my dreams C2 BÃ Ã Ã C2Ã Ã C2 E2Ã Ã D2 I see you, I feel you C2Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã C2 C2Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã D2Ã Ã G That is how I know you go on II C2 C2 C2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã C2 Far across the distance C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã C2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã E2Ã Ã D2And spaces between us C2Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã D2 G You have come to show you go on Chorus: C2 C2 C2 C2 D2Ã Ã G G2Ã Ã F2 F2 E2 D2 Near,Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã far, wherever you are E2 F2 E2Ã Ã D2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã Ã B AÃ¢â¬ ¦. G I believe that the heart doesÃ Ã Ã goÃ Ã on C2 C2 C2 C2 D2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã G G2Ã Ã F2 F2 E2 D2 OnceÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã more you open the door E2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã F2Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã E2Ã Ã Ã D2 C2Ã Ã Ã Ã B And you're here in my heart C2Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã Ã BÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã C2Ã Ã C2Ã Ã E2Ã Ã D2Ã Ã C2 And my heart will go on and on (Repeat I and II, then Chorus) Ending: C2 C2 C2 C2 D2 G G2 F2 F2 E2 D2 E2 F2 E2 D2 C2 B B A C D E D E D C D G G G G G
Friday, November 8, 2019
Since 1868, Japan has developed a culture that is well accustomed to the idea of population control. With its population consisting of just 30 million, the upcoming government encouraged a growth, in order to compensate its isolation from the rest of the world. This population growth was designed for two purposes; industry and reform of a developing country, which would eventually become the economic tiger that it is today. Before this time, large families paved the way to a prosperous life, and the government no longer encouraged previously encouraged behaviors, such as infant genocide, delayed marriages, and abortions, in order to keep the population at a necessary minimum. The government instituted plans for both social and economical improvements. With the discouragement of births outside of marriage, women were encouraged to achieve higher degrees of education, which directly caused its purpose; later and fewer marriages. With aided increases in income, improved social security and pensions, and decreasing rates of infant mortality, the need for large families decreased and brought the birth rate to an average of 1.38 for each woman in 1998, and 1.32 in 2002.(Asiasource.org-Special Report: JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s Aging Population Challenge for its Economy and Society) This particular strategy, inflicted by the government, has impacted the demographics of Japan, considerably, and has increased their life expectancy to 76.4 for men and 82.8 for women, the highest in the world. This article also mentions an alarming statistic that the number of children, aged 14 and under, has decreased by about 20% since 1949, and makes up only 15% of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s population. In a related article, (www.kkc/usa/org) JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s Aging Society Overview, it was found that senior citizens, in 1950, made up 4.16% of the total population. With a steady increase, almost 22% of the population, in 2000, were senior citizens. Other factors which have also infl... Free Essays on Japans Ageing Society Free Essays on Japans Ageing Society Since 1868, Japan has developed a culture that is well accustomed to the idea of population control. With its population consisting of just 30 million, the upcoming government encouraged a growth, in order to compensate its isolation from the rest of the world. This population growth was designed for two purposes; industry and reform of a developing country, which would eventually become the economic tiger that it is today. Before this time, large families paved the way to a prosperous life, and the government no longer encouraged previously encouraged behaviors, such as infant genocide, delayed marriages, and abortions, in order to keep the population at a necessary minimum. The government instituted plans for both social and economical improvements. With the discouragement of births outside of marriage, women were encouraged to achieve higher degrees of education, which directly caused its purpose; later and fewer marriages. With aided increases in income, improved social security and pensions, and decreasing rates of infant mortality, the need for large families decreased and brought the birth rate to an average of 1.38 for each woman in 1998, and 1.32 in 2002.(Asiasource.org-Special Report: JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s Aging Population Challenge for its Economy and Society) This particular strategy, inflicted by the government, has impacted the demographics of Japan, considerably, and has increased their life expectancy to 76.4 for men and 82.8 for women, the highest in the world. This article also mentions an alarming statistic that the number of children, aged 14 and under, has decreased by about 20% since 1949, and makes up only 15% of todayÃ¢â¬â¢s population. In a related article, (www.kkc/usa/org) JapanÃ¢â¬â¢s Aging Society Overview, it was found that senior citizens, in 1950, made up 4.16% of the total population. With a steady increase, almost 22% of the population, in 2000, were senior citizens. Other factors which have also infl...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
The Unseen Eye Example The Unseen Eye Ã¢â¬â Book Report/Review Example A Review of William EwingÃ¢â¬â¢s More than Meets the Eye The article written by William Ewing entitled More than Meets the Eye satisfactorily captured the core meaning and purpose of the W.M. HuntÃ¢â¬â¢s photograph collection. Ewing accurately described how the visual and narrative contexts of the photographs have formed a movement, which is anti-portraiture in nature. HuntÃ¢â¬â¢s insightful quest for expressive and haunting pictures has led to a compendium that successfully reminds an image of a personÃ¢â¬â¢s lifetime, with all the accompanying touches of sorrow, fear, sexuality, and memory. As described by Ewing, every photograph in the collection reveals an entity whose look and stare has been averted. At times the eyes are shielded entirely. Ewing is correct in his observation that the collection combines the ordinary and the extraordinary, and humour with misfortune. Reading EwingÃ¢â¬â¢s article makes one aware of the very purpose of Hunt in showcasing closed, covered , or averted eyes- it is a psychological ride that takes the one who sees to the mystery, virtue, and anonymity of humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s reality and experiences. EwingÃ¢â¬â¢s descriptions of the book were interesting, provocative, and exciting. The images are bizarre and mind-boggling, and spellbinding and frightening at the same time. In summary, Ewing has successfully consolidated the insightful ideas of Hunt in a very brief introduction to the volume. Work CitedW.M. Hunt. Introduction. More than Meets the Eye. By William Ewing. New York: Thames & Hudson, 2011. Print.
Monday, November 4, 2019
Ace Jeans - Speech or Presentation Example Ace Jeans views is the designer collection of denims, aimed at the sophisticated, feminine, stylish and confident lady, who is not afraid to showcase her intrinsic beauty! Ace Jeans, which is a new entrant in the denim pants market, embarks on its USP, which is its composition---certified organic cotton, non-toxic, denim. The production is based in Mexico, which significantly lowers production costs; and manufacturing is done though Border Assembly Inc. With L'Atelier as the west coast and east coast distributor in the United States, Ace Jeans is all set to invade the market. The brand will be available in local boutiques in Los Angeles and New York, as well as high-end department stores such as Bloomingdales, Saks Fifth Avenue, and Nordstrom , thus entering the horizon associated with elite wear. Say the brand owners, "We currently do not have our own brand store, therefore saving a good amount of money and cutting certain overhead charges that would typically occur running a store.
Saturday, November 2, 2019
The Role of Religion in the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade - Essay Example The researcher states that in the Americas, the European masters claimed that it was through Christianity that the African slaves would be compliant to their rule but the unkind treatment of the slaves which led to many deaths illustrates how religion was used to justify the economic interests of the traders and the consequences of the trade. This paper gives a critical analysis of the role of religion in the development of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade in relation to the capture, domestication, and control of the African slaves from Africa to the Americas. Transatlantic Slave Trade The Trans-Atlantic slave trade took place from the 16th to the 19th centuries across the Atlantic Ocean. Slaves from the west and central Africa were traded between Africans and slave traders from Europe. The European then shipped the slaves across the Atlantic to South and North America. In the Americas, the slaves were forced to work in the British colonies. The slavery involved forced labor in the pla ntation of tobacco, coffee, cotton, cocoa, and sugar. Moreover, the slaves were forced to work in silver and gold mines. Some slaves also worked as servants while others toiled in the construction industry and rice fields. The British, Portuguese, Americans, the Dutch, the Spanish and the French were involved in the slave trade. The local tribal leaders in the West and Central Africa sold the slaves to the slave traders. The beginning of the trans-Atlantic slave trade was motivated by religious factors. The influence of Bartolome de las Casas, who was a Spanish missionary of the Catholic Church led to the replacement of the Amerindians in America's labor force with Africans. When Christopher Columbus arrived in the west, he encountered the Amerindians who were the natives in the Americas. The Amerindians provided hard labor in the western plantation. The settlement of the Spanish in this area was motivated by the need to find gold. The determination of the Spanish led to forced labo r on the Amerindians in search of gold. Many Amerindians died as a result of the harsh treatment in the forced labor. However, most of the Amerindians died out of the attack of epidemic diseases. The significant reduction in the number of Amerindians and the disputed harsh treatment of the Amerindians is what gave birth to the transatlantic trade because Africans were targeted as the replacement of the Amerindians as slave workers in the Americas. The Role of Religion The Trans-Atlantic trade is known for the inhumane treatment of slaves and the forced labor which they were forced to provide in the Americas. The happenings during the trade are usually referred as the conquest of the Americas. This conquest led to a great loss of human life and destruction of African cultures. Religion played a significant role in this trade as illustrated by the different religious backgrounds of the slave traders in the transatlantic slave trade. The European for example entered Africa as a way of spreading the Christian religion to the local people. On the other hand, the Muslim Arabs who were involved in the slave trade were motivated by the need to convert as many people as possible to the Islamic religion.
Thursday, October 31, 2019
HISTORY - choose 1 of the questions to answer - Essay Example The Northern states put an end to slavery by the 19th century (Peck 34). Both American and Britain banned slave trade in their countries. As a politician associated to the Republican Party, I strongly supported LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s idea of eradicating both slavery, as well as the slave trade. By 1860, a majority of northerners became aggravated at the Souths firmness for slavery to be lawful in the Western territories. People in the West and North saw slavery as a unit that needed to be overpowered (Peck 36). The Republican Party argued that the only way slave trade could be conquered was through abolishing it. The Democratic Party supported the SouthÃ¢â¬â¢s use of black Republicanism. The pro-slavery group, created by the Democratic Party, portrayed that the slave trade was gaining power to the United States economy (Peck 36). The risk of slavery growing was a cause of the anti-slavery group in the North. The conspiracy was that the control of the government is exercised by a moderately small number of individuals. The Democratic Party had a common interest in embracing slavery and the slave trade in the South, but the Republican Party did not want to embrace these factors. The Slave Power was an upper crust that alleged slavery was not ethically wrong, but instead a right of the slaveholder. We, North politicians believed that there was a conspiracy amongst the Southern slaveholders to force slavery upon the country. They wanted to wipe out civil liberty, extend slave trade into the territories, perk up the slavery and control the laws of the Federal government. Different opinions from the Northerners, a majority Southerners, viewed slaves as assets of the slaveholder and considered slavery as a Constitutional and legal factor (Peck 38). The slave scheme did not hand out power equally for slaveholders often prohibited state legislatures, media, and education along with economic policies.
Tuesday, October 29, 2019
Italian American Immigrant Essay Many Italians migrated to United States as early as 1848. They migrated in small numbers due to revolutionary movementÃ¢â¬â¢s failure that occurred in Italy. Most of the Italians migrated to America between 1880 and 1960s. These Italians came from Sicily and Southern Italy. They had very little knowledge in education and were poor. Majority of these immigrants were men. The poor economy that existed in Italy at that time contributed a great deal to the migration of Italians. Italians upon reaching America used to settle in specific places. One of the regions that were dominated by Italians was nick named Ã¢â¬ËLittle ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢. In Ã¢â¬ËLittle ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢ the Italians there had good relations and interactions with each other. They enjoyed cooking their favorite foods that were quite different from what American citizens cooked. ItalianÃ¢â¬â¢s food was richly spiced compared to that cooked by American Citizens. These included spiced sausages and Zeppole. Italian immigrants formed a common culture in Ã¢â¬ËLittle ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢. Italian immigrants normally had very little money and very minimal sophistication. Most of the Italian neighborhoods were dominated by slums. The sanitation in the neighborhood was quite poor and un-admirable. Many of them suffered from many ailments due to the poor sanitation and overcrowding. During World War I it was difficult for Italians to migrate to United States. These Italian immigrants faced much discrimination based on their religion. Many of them were lynched. Five point three million Italians had moved to United States by the year 1978. Some of the Italian immigrants never intended to stay there for a long time. They just wanted to make money and then go back to their mother nation. Research however shows that only one Italian among four would manage to return to the home country. Many of the public schools in United States gave Italian immigrants children a new language to speak. The children found that the patriotic symbols differed from those in their home country. Some of them were even given new names that were Anglicized. This created a very big gap in the culture of Italian children compared to the culture embraced by their parents. With time many labor unions incorporated the Italian immigrants. This gave Italian immigrants a chance to get experience and therefore advanced their carriers. With time Italian Ã¢â¬âAmerican immigrants started owning businesses. Some of them even became managers in industries and Companies in United States. Some of them like Enrico Caruso became artists. Culture A close looks at Italian Ã¢â¬âAmerican Immigrants shows that they still hold onto their culture. This is clearly seen in the food that they eat. They still cook Italian food. Their food is very rich in spices compared to the food that is cooked in United States of America. This includes their Italian drinks which are still preferred by many Italian-American Immigrants. They still hold onto Italian art that is quite beautiful. Italian Ã¢â¬âAmerican immigrants still hold their feasts that are really rich in their culture. Unlike Americans they are quite committed to their members of the extended families. They include cousins, uncles, grandparents and parents in laws etc. In these extended relations they include business relations which bond them together. In fact they marry their close relatives like first cousins. They are very committed to their families. During 1940s Italian Ã¢â¬âAmerican immigrants had very big impacts to music industry in United States. This was also witnessed in the year 1970. They also had big influence to movies that were featured in United States. This was mostly common in movies that were culture based. It was quite evident because Italian words were incorporated in communication of the characters. However many of the characters were not always in a position to speak the language very fluently. This language has also been incorporated by television presenters in America. One thing that really amazes about Italian immigrantÃ¢â¬â¢s culture is their feasts. They were often carried out in Ã¢â¬ËLittle ItalyÃ¢â¬â¢. These feasts include Our Lady of Mount Carmel Ã¢â¬ËGiglioÃ¢â¬â¢ which is commonly celebrated in Williamsburg New York. This feast has been celebrated for more than one hundred and twenty five years in New Jersey. It is normally celebrated annually. There is also the San Gennaro feast that is usually held in New York. Another feast is known as St JosephÃ¢â¬â¢s feast. These Italian feasts are very funny. They have displays on devotion that is done to patron saints and to God. The feasts are quite Italian based since they show their life approach. In the feasts communal meals are taken. They also include religious services. Others also incorporate games known as games of chance. These feasts give people the opportunity to show off their skills and prowess in various sectors like dancing. There are different statutes that are used in these feasts. Different kinds of jewels are normally shown off in these feasts. In fact in communities where they are practiced, they are taken very seriously. These feasts or celebrations take quite a long period of time like several days. The church community is the one that is responsible for the preparation of these feasts. These preparations take several months for all plans to be in order. Research shows that approximately three hundred Italian feasts are celebrated in United States. Millions of Americans from diverse backgrounds normally attend these feasts. In fact many of them concur that they enjoy Italian food. Religion Research shows that many Italian immigrants were Christians of catholic denomination when they were still in Italy. When these Italians migrated to United States, they even became more devout. This was quite evident even in their communication with friends, coworkers and employers. They introduced themselves as Catholics. This shows that they were very religious and a God fearing people. However there are also religious minorities that exist in Italy. They include Italian Jews, Greek Orthodox and also Greek Catholics. Even the celebrations that are carried out show their religion. An example is that which is celebrated on 19th March every year. This is called Saint JosephÃ¢â¬â¢s day which includes parades. There is also Columbus Day that is also enjoyed by many Italian immigrants staying in United States. There is St. Januaris that is celebrated on 19th September. Many immigrants from Sicily celebrate Santa Rosalia on 4th of September every year. Saint RoccoÃ¢â¬â¢s is celebrated by immigrants who originated from Italy in a place known as Potenza. Most of Italian immigrants do celebrate the famous Christmas season. The Feast of the seven fishes is also included in their celebrations. Research shows that some of the Irish and German Catholic leaders discriminated against some of the Italian American Catholics. This forced them to leave the Catholic Church and join Episcopal. Current research carried out in United States shows that there are Italian-American immigrants that are not Catholics. In fact many of them have joined the Episcopal Church. Most of the immigrants claim there are many similarities between the two churches. There are also a number of immigrants that changed from catholic to Baptist church. This was accelerated by influence of neighborhood who attended the Baptist church.
Saturday, October 26, 2019
Non-pharmacological Nursing Interventions Literature Review 5 METHODOLOGY A literature review is defined as a critical analysis of a segment of a published body of knowledge through summary, classification, and comparison of prior research studies, reviews of literature, and theoretical articles. In addition to that a literature review will be used for conducting the research. According to Fink (2010), literature review is an evaluative report that is a systematic, explicit and reproducible method for identifying, evaluating and synthesizing the existing body of completed and recorded work produced by researchers and scholars. In this literature review the main focus was to search the existing literature on non-pharmacological nursing interventions in order to be able to describe and analyze the similarities, differences, consistencies and inconsistencies and issues within the research topic. 5.1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria Inclusion criteria are characteristics that proposed subjects must possess in order to be integrated in the future study. On the other hand, Exclusion criteria are characteristics that help the researcher to eliminate subject from being integrated in the study. A clear comprehension of the inclusion and exclusion criteria ensures that the research yields accurate and genuine results (Fink 2010). The inclusion and exclusion criteria of this literature review are described below in table 1. TABLE 1. Inclusion and Exclusion criteria Inclusion criteria Exclusion criteria The research focused on the non-pharmacological nursing interventions of geriatric depression The articles which are not related to the research questions. Articles were limited from 2005 to present Articles were not related to the studies and carried out before 2005. The articles were in full text, abstract and within the keywords The articles without full text, abstract and within the keywords Languages used were English and Finnish. The articles which were not in English and Finnish. Evidence based research were used. Articles that were not related to nursing and were not scientific. 4.3 Data collection The research articles for the literature review were limited to a time frame between 2006-2015. The information was gathered using different computerized databases such as Ebrary, CINAHL, Ovid, SAGE Premier and Science Direct, to find scientific journals. Moreover web based publications such as WHO, kaypahoito and Terveyden ja Hyvinvoinnin Laitos were also used. In addition to that numerous articles were gathered from well known scientific journals such as Journal of Advanced Nursing and Journal of Nursing Education. Keywords used in the search were focused on the research topic, they included Geriatric Depression, non-pharmacological interventions and Signs of geriatric depression. The key words and the time frame were combined in order to constrict the range of articles; the materials obtained for this study were in both English and Finnish. 4.4 Data analysis The collected data will be analyzed through content analysis of the collected articles, journals and electronic web pages. All the collected data related to the topic will be divided into different groups to make analysis easy. 5 ETHICS AND RELIABILITY High ethics will be maintained throughout the research process. I will also consider a good scientific conduct to ensure that the research is ethically acceptable. The authors in the references will be respected and thus referred accurately. The research project is about finding out the effectiveness of non- pharmacological treatment methods when dealing with geriatric depression. I plan to follow the set thesis guidelines of Centria University of Applied Sciences while carrying out my research. Reliability will be ensured by only referring to recent research materials available concerning geriatric depression. The articles and other materials will be obtained from reliable electronic sources and the schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s library databases to ensure that valid results are obtained that can be used in the future. 6 FINDINGS 6.1 Non-pharmacological nursing interventions Physical Exercise In a study by Park, Han and Kang (2014), it was found that regular exercise for older adults suffering from depression increased their social contact and improved their self efficacy. Physical activities also had inverse relationship with depression among the elderly. This meant that older adults engaging in physical exercises were found to have improved mental and physical health. (Lee, Brar, rush and Jolley 2014.)Regular physical exercises reduced depressive symptoms and anxiety associated with aging and other predisposing factors such as chronic ailments. In additional to that, older adults involved in physical activities ended up having some positive thoughts and opinions on their own aging process. (Park et al 2014.) As a result of physical exercise physical exhaustion was also highly reduced as a result of improved cardiovascular activity, immune system and the endocrine system. These also translated to reduction of depressive symptoms and an improvement in psychological well being. (Tsang, Fung, Chan, Lee, and Chan, 2006). In another study by Stanton and Reaburn (2014), it was confirmed that aerobic and non aerobic exercises including outdoor walking and stationary cycles demonstrated a reduction in depressive symptoms among the elderly. Exercises were conducted three times a week for a total duration of twelve weeks. (Stanton et al 2014.) Furthermore, regular physical activities among the elderly were found to improve their quality of sleep. Poor sleep quality and related sleep disturbances were attributed to in active lifestyles and repetitive daily routines, which further lead to cases of depression, anxiety, agitation, fatigue and daytime drowsiness. In a related article by Cheng, Huan, Li and Chang (2014), found that elderly people who engaged in physical activities such as the senior elastic band exercise reported improved sleep quality and significant decrease in depressive symptoms. In additional to that, Chen et al (2013) developed the wheelchair-bound senior elastic band (WSEB) exercise program, which granted the depressed older adults bound on wheel chairs an opportunity to exercise too. (Chen et al 2013.) Cognitive Exercise According to a study by Khatri, Blumenthal, Babyak and Krishman (2001), it was determined that physical exercise impacts positive effects on the cognitive functioning among elderly people suffering from depression. The study was carried out on two different groups of randomized participants: medication group and the aerobic exercise group. All the groups underwent the tests for duration of four months. In the medication group they received antidepressants while the exercise group underwent aerobic training. In addition to depression cognitive functions were also assessed, for example memory, executive functioning, concentration and psychomotor speed. Assessment tools used in the study included Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) and Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS). It was established that participants in the exercise group exhibited greater improvements in both memory and executive functioning than those in the medication group. Furthermore, the exercise group also showed better improvements in the Wechsler Memory Scale visual reproduction delayed recall scores. However there were no significant differences in the verbal memory and concentration. (Khatri et al 2001.) Vasques, Moraes, Silveira, Deslandes and Laks (2011), found that despite physical exercise having significant effects on depression it also exhibited positive effect on the brain function. During their study neuropsychological tests were performed in the forms of Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE), the Digit Span Test (DST)and the Stroop Color-Word Test (SCW) to assess the cognitive functions of their elderly participants suffering from major depressive disorder. After the participants walking on the treadmill for half an hour cognitive tests were performed before, during, after and 10-15 minutes after the training session. Similar cognitive tests were also performed on the control group but without exercise. There were no significant differences for both the control and the exercise group on the Digit Span Test. However in the Stroop Color-Word Test, the exercise group had improvements in their results when compared to the control group. The improvements were a clear indication that physical exercise had a positive effect on the cognitive functions of the depressed participants. (Vasques et al 2011.) According to Nicholas et al (2006), nurses used Problem solving therapy to help patients with depression to improve their cognitive functioning. Individuals were assigned certain tasks to handle in the form of games which varied from cheap to hard. This helped the individuals to think in a structured way which in turn improved their cognitive functioning. In additional to that it helped relieve depressive symptoms. (Nicholas et al 2006; Haggerty 2006.) Family Therapy In another study by Tanner, Martinez and Harris (2014), to examine the functional and social determinants of depression on community dwelling older adults it was concluded that support from family showed an improvement in general functions and a decrease in loneliness. In additional to that, family support satisfaction scale (FSSS) was used on the older adults to assess satisfaction with support received. The instrument consisted of 13 questions constructed to investigate the participantÃ¢â¬â¢s satisfaction with the family support they received from family members. The participants were expected to respond with either agreement or disagreement. It was found that those participants who had higher support scores had decreased levels of depression. Loneliness was also identified as one of the main causes of depression in addition to other predisposing factors. Older adults who were satisfied with the family support they received confirmed that it helped them cope with depression as well as chronic illnesses. (Tanner et al 2014). Nurses were found to play a crucial role in helping elderly people dealing with depression developed as a result of social isolation or bereavement. It was discovered that leaving these psychosocial factors not dealt with it made it difficult to make a lasting or complete recovery. (Hughes 2005). Nurses were found to play an important role in guiding, supporting and encouraging elderly people dealing with depression to keep contact with their family members. (Parello 2012.) According to a study by Merema (2014), it was found that older adults with good social network between them and their family members had higher levels of self esteem and self worth. In additional to that they were less likely to attempt suicide when compared to their counterparts with little or no social network at all. Music therapy According to a research carried out by Chan, Mok and Tse (2009), to determine the effects of music on depression levels in elderly people. The study was conducted on 47 elderly people (23 using music and 24 controls), majority of who were 75 and above. It was pointed out that music exerts psycho-physiological responses through influence on the limbic system. The limbic system is involved in our feelings of pleasure and emotions such as fear, anger as well as motivations. Therefore the limbic system is mostly affected by music rhythm as well as pitch and is also responsible for processing the music stimuli. It was found that music expends its effects through entertaining the body rhythms. In this context entertainment can be described as a tendency by two bodies locking together and vibrating in harmony. When an elderly person is going through a depressive phase they tend to experience mixed feelings of discomfort or agitation which in turn disrupts their body rhythms. The Body rhythm s is disrupted through change in breath, blood flow and heartbeat which further lead to changes in blood pressure levels and oxygen saturation. (Chan et al 2009). The music interventions used included four different types of music which included western classical, western jazz, Chinese classical and Asian classical. Each type of music was played for a duration of 30-min once per week for a duration of four weeks. The participants listened to the music without any interaction with the therapist. At the end of the study the depression levels of the experimental group had significantly decreased from form mild depression to normal levels. On the contrary there was no change in the depression levels for the control group within the four weeks. (Chan et al 2009). Furthermore, the physiological measures monitored including systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate of the elderly in the experimental group had reduced significantly in comparison to those of the control group. The findings demonstrated the benefits music has on older people suffering from geriatric depression. Music had a soothing physiological and Psychological effect on the elderly suffering from geriatric depression. This also support that music has the capability of to resonate with the listeners feelings. (Chan et al 2009). It was discovered that giving participants an opportunity to choose their music led to effective treatment. Chang, Wong and Thayala (2011), suggested that when the participants chose their own music it facilitated the entertainment process because the listener was in tune with their music of choice. The effects of music listening did not occur after one or a few sessions. In contrary to that, significant decrease in depression levels were reached after the participants had music listening sessions for a few weeks. In additional to that it was found that different kinds of music had similar effects on depressive symptoms among the elderly depending on the listenerÃ¢â¬â¢s preference of music. (Chang et al. 2011). Music therapy was found to reduce irritability, agitation, and problem behaviors in people with geriatric depression. In additional to that it was also found that music therapy improves the sleep quality of people dealing with geriatric depression. (Rice et al 2010). Social activities While going through recent randomized trials it was found that social activities were effective interventions which improved depression outcomes among the elderly. (Merema 2014.) Social activities were provided in form of recreational group events such as day meetings, group outings and visits from family. These social activities generated social interaction and support among the elderly. (Hsu and Wright 2014). In additional to that it was found that through social activities the elderly were able to establish enduring relationships which in turn provided an effective method of reducing or limiting the severity of depression. It was also established that social activities improved the sleep quality and the cognitive functions of the elderly people. Social activities had a direct effect on the levels of loneliness faced by elderly people with depression. Furthermore it was discovered that depressed old adults felt much better when they were around other people. (Merema 2014.) Engagement in social activities was found to reduce cases of social isolation thus limiting worsening in the severity of depression. (Hsu et al 2014.) In a study by Hsu et al (2014), it was indicated that meaningful and enjoyable social activities lead to a decrease in depressive symptoms among institutionalized elderly living with depression. Social activities that were interesting to the elderly dealing with depression showed a decrease in depressive symptoms. It was found that a large number participated in social activities in the institution due to the positive emotions they experienced or out of personal interest. (Merema 2014.) The reduction in depressive symptoms was as a result of the psychosocial mechanism which includes a positive feedback where there is an improved mood due to pleasant events. Surprisingly it was found that institutionalized depressed elders participated more in social group activities. The institutional environment offered them an opportunity to participate in activities that led to more positive mental attitude and a decrease in depressive symptoms. (Hsu et al 2014.)